OwenDuffy.net 


A model of a Guanella 1:1 choke balun using two Jaycar LF1260 cores

This design is a variation of an Order-1 Transmission Line Transformer described by Guanella in 1944. This type of balun is also known as a current balun as it tends drive equal but opposite currents on the wires of the balanced port.

This article applies the lossy transmission line model described at A model of a practical Guanella 1:1 balun to such a balun made from a pair of Jaycar LF1260  cores side by side with three turns of RG-174/U coaxial cable. The LF1260 cores are readily available in Australia, and at the time of writing retailed for A$4.50 for a pack of 6 cores.

Fig 1: Modelled choke impedance

Fig 1 shows the common mode choke impedance for calculated from measured core characteristics. Quantity Zcm is the magnitude of Rcm+jXcm. The model includes 4.5pF of shunt capacitance to calibrate the model to a measured balun.

Fig 2: modelled VSWR and loss with 50Ω balanced load

Fig 2 shows the VSWR and loss for the isolated balun terminated in a 50Ω load with the centre of the load grounded.

Note that losses for other loads may be quite different, and this model does not attempt to include the effects of common mode currents coupled from an antenna radiator. See A model of a practical Guanella 1:1 balun for more discussion of this topic.

Table 1: Choke impedance
Frequency (MHz) R (Ω) X (Ω)

1.8

168

693

3.6

879

1061

7.1

1825

871

10.1

2351

322

14.2

2325

-782

18.1

1727

-1329

21.2

1295

-1418

24.9

943

-1371

28.5

687

-1264

Table 1 sets out the choke impedance in the HF amateur bands for input to NEC models or the like.

Links

Changes

Version Date Description
1.01 09/02/2007 Initial.
1.02 07/03/2008 Revised to 3t with stray capacitance.
1.03    
1.04    
1.05    

Disclaimer

Use at your own risk, not warranted for any purpose. Do not depend on any results without independent verification.


© Copyright: Owen Duffy 1995, 2017. All rights reserved. Disclaimer.