Diagnosis of engine coolant temperature gauge issue with a certain vehicle discussed ECT sensors in a specific context.

The following table of coefficients for four common sensors was derived from published measurements by TSD of a single sensor of each type.

The so-called B equation model is \(T=\frac{1}{\frac1{T_0}+\frac1Bln\frac{R}{R_0}}\).

Part |
R_{25} |
B_{25/100} |

AMR3321 |
2246 | 3897 |

ERR2081 |
2218 | 3879 |

ETC8946 |
2450 | 3671 |

AMR1425 |
536 | 4356 |

These are measurements of a single sample, so average values might be a little different. Additionally, the R_{25} / B_{25/100} model is only an approximation.

## Steinhart-Hart model

This article shows a curve fit of the measurements of the two most common of those sensors to the Steinhart-Hart model of a NTC thermistor. Also shown on the graphs is a plot of calculated temperature using the simpler B equation based on measurements around 20° and 100°.

The Steinhart-Hart model is \(T=\frac{1}{a+b(ln(R))+c(ln(R))^3}\). It is a little more complicated to calculate than the simpler B equation, so less used in simple digital systems.

Above is the AMR3321. The fit is a very good one to the measured data, and as it happens, the B equation is a very good estimator.

Above is the AMR1425. The fit is a quite good one to the measured data, and as it happens, the B equation is a good estimator, but not as good as in the AMR3321.

This is inconsequential with a typical analog gauge which can be scaled to suit the sensor, but it becomes more relevant to a digital application that tries to use a simple equation to relate resistance to temperature.