# Select a ferrite core material and sufficient primary turns for a low InsertionVSWR 50Ω broadband RF transformer – comparison of measured and predicted

Select a ferrite core material and sufficient primary turns for a low InsertionVSWR 50Ω broadband RF transformer – nanoVNA described a method of using a nanoVNA to select by trial possible core and turns combinations for a transformer.

This article compares the results for the FT240-43 example at 3.5MHz with calculation using tools on this web site.

## Simple low frequency equivalent circuit Above is a very simple approximation of an ideal 1:1 transformer where the effects of flux leakage and conductor loss are ignored. A 1:n transformer can be modelled the same way, as if flux leakage and conductor loss are ignored, the now ideally transformed secondary load becomes 50Ω.

## Calculation

First step is to find the complex permeability of the core material. Next, calculate the RF impedance and admittance at 3.5MHz of a 4t winding. The real part of Y is the magnetising conductance Gm (the inverse of the equivalent parallel resistance).

We can calculate core magnetising loss as $$Loss_m=10 log \left(1 + \frac{Gm }{0.02}\right)=10 log \left(1 + \frac{0.00168}{0.02}\right)=0.35 \; dB$$. 