DXE sell a nominal 300Ω ladder line, DX Engineering 300-ohm Ladder Line DXE-LL300-1C, and to their credit they give measured matched line loss (MLL) figures.
They make the common ham mistake of writing loss figures as -ve dB where in fact by definition they are +ve (MLL=10*log(Pin/Pout)).
The line is described as 19 strand #18 (1mm) CCS and the line has velocity factor (vf) 0.88 and Zo of 272Ω.
Let us calculate using TWLLC the loss at 2MHz of a similar line but using pure solid copper conductor with same conductor diameter, vf and Zo. We will assume dielectric loss is negligible at 2MHz
Parameters | |
Conductivity | 5.800e+7 S/m |
Rel permeability | 1.000 |
Diameter | 0.00100 m |
Spacing | 0.00650 m |
Velocity factor | 0.880 |
Loss tangent | 0.000e+0 |
Frequency | 2.000 MHz |
Twist rate | 0 t/m |
Length | 30.480 m |
Results | |
Zo | 272.69-j2.59 Ω |
Velocity Factor | 0.8800 |
Length | 83.18 °, 0.231 λ, 30.4800 m, 1.155e+5 ps |
Line Loss (matched) | 0.121 dB |
Spacing has been adjusted to obtain Zo.
At 2MHz MLL of a copper line is 0.121dB as against 0.32dB measured for the stranded CCS line.
At 50MHz there is little difference, the CCS line is copper like in its measured loss.
The difference is almost certainly attributable to CCS and stranding. The copper cladding on the very thin strands is way less than skin depth at lower frequencies, effective RF resistance is higher than that of a solid copper conductor.
You might regard that the difference is tenths of a dB and insignificant, but this line is almost always used at high VSWR and the difference between the two lines is likely to be significant.